parque da floresta, parque da floresta holidays, lagos portugal
parque da floresta, parque da floresta holidays, lagos portugal
parque da floresta, parque da floresta holidays, lagos portugal
parque da floresta, parque da floresta holidays, lagos portugal
parque da floresta, parque da floresta holidays, lagos portugal
parque da floresta, parque da floresta holidays, lagos portugal
parque da floresta, parque da floresta holidays, lagos portugal
parque da floresta, parque da floresta holidays, lagos portugal

Parque da Floresta - History

Pre 20c

Portugal's history goes back to the Celts, who settled the Iberian Peninsula around 700 BC. The region soon attracted a succession of peoples and was colonised by the Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans and Visigoths

In the 15th century, Portugal entered a phase of overseas expansion due to the efforts of Prince Henry the Navigator. Mariners set off to discover new trade routes and helped create an enormous empire that, at its peak, extended to India, the Far East, Brazil and Africa

At the close of the 18th century, Napoleon sent expeditionary forces to invade Portugal but they were forced back by the troops of the Anglo-Portuguese alliance

Modern History

During the 19th century the economy faltered and republicanism took hold. National turmoil led to the abolition of the monarchy in 1910 and the founding of a democratic republic

Portugal's democratic phase lasted until 1926, when a military coup ushered in a long period of dictatorship under António de Oliveira Salazar. His reign came to an end in 1968 when he had a stroke. Anachronistic attempts to hold onto colonies in the face of nationalist independence movements resulted in costly wars in Africa and led to the Revolution of the Carnations, a nearly bloodless military coup on 25 April 1974

During the 1970s and early 1980s, Portugal underwent some painful adjustments: the political climate vacillated between right and left, and the economy suffered from wrangles between government and private ownership. The granting of independence to Portugal's colonies in 1974/75 resulted in a flood of over 500,000 refugees into the country. Entry into the European Community (EC) in 1986 restored some measure of stability, which was buttressed by the acceptance of Portugal as a full member of the European Monetary Union in 1999. Portugal's last overseas territory, Macau, was handed over to the Chinese in 1999

Recent History

The current president is Socialist Jorge Fernando Branco de Sampaio, and the next presidential elections are due in 2006. Prime minister José Manuel Durão Barroso of the Social Democratic Party, which won the 2002 elections after six years in opposition, had the unenviable task of resuscitating the economy, one of the EU's worst. He resigned in July 2004 to head the European Commission, and was replaced by Pedro Santana Lopes


To return to the home page click here Parque da Floresta

parque da floresta, parque da floresta holidays, lagos portugal


parque da floresta, parque da floresta holidays, lagos portugal
parque da floresta, parque da floresta holidays, lagos portugal
parque da floresta, parque da floresta holidays, lagos portugal